HISTORY Tuition

Don't get left behind - your grades determine the class, school, junior college, polytechnic and university that you are accepted into

About 70% of our customers are repeat clients – they either hire tutors from us for additional subject(s) for the same child, or they hire tutors for their other children.

Learn Fast is trusted. Because our tutoring methods work.

Since 2009, we have transformed our students' fail grades to b's and A's at the national exams

Write your own HISTORY success story. Starting today

Singapore's Most trusted tuition agency

  • 37,000 qualified and experienced tuition teachers
  • Over 35% of our tutors have PhD’s, Master’s, or are NIE-trained current/ex-MOE teachers
  • 85% of our tutors are graduates or undergraduates from Singapore’s best publicly-funded universities (NUS, NTU, SMU, SUTD, SUSS and SIT)
  • Over 96% of tutors who apply to join the Learn Fast team have at least a Bachelor’s – or are about to achieve one – from the top local universities or the best universities globally (Oxford, Cambridge, Ivy League)
  • All of our tutors scored A’s in the subjects that they are teaching
  • Our tutors have between 2 to over 30 years of home tuition experience
  • All of the tutors whose profiles we show you have strong proven records of rapidly boosting their students’ grades 
  • Non-performing tutors are not included in our database

transform your grades. today.

history tuition

Whatsapp: 97788-200

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Hire singapore's most effective HISTORY Tuition Teacher

How to choose a good tuition agency

Good tutors want to be represented by a reputable tuition agency

The size of the tutoring team is very important. The larger the team, the better the chances that the tuition coordinator can find the best tutor whose experience and qualifications suit your requirements. You should choose agencies that have a minimum of 20,000 home tuition teachers in their database.

At least 30% of a credible tuition agency should consist of tutors who have PhD’s, Master’s or are NIE-trained MOE current/ex teachers. The better tuition teachers want to join only the best tuition agencies. They know that dependable tutor agencies have more clients, and numerous good assignments for them to choose from every day.

Many of our parents/students avoid agencies that have more than 20% of their tutors whose highest academic qualifications are polytechnic diploma’s or junior college certificates. The market rate of hourly fees charged by experienced university undergraduates is $30/hr, and the rates tutors who had stopped studying at JC or polytechnic levels is $20/hr to $25/hr. 

How would you be able to know if a tuition agency’s database comprises mainly of lower-qualified tutors? Their websites will always emphasize “affordable tuition rates” as their main or only attraction. Given that the difference in monthly rates between a polytechnic graduate and a university graduate is only about $30 – and in most cases, are at the same rates or sometimes even lower than group tuition – “affordable tuition rates” shows up in websites whenever a tuition agency does not have tutors whose other clients are already paying them higher rates. 

Parents would pay rates that they feel are fair and appropriate, according to the tutor’s track record, academic qualifications, and number of years of experience. Tutors accept an assignment based on hourly rates, the grade target/current level of skills of the student, and the availability of slots in their teaching schedules.

University undergraduates or graduated tutors tend to have easily scored comfortable A’s in the subjects that they teach, and most parents would of course prefer that their children are taught the correct content, as well as skills in answering difficult questions. If the tutor was not able to score A in say Physics, can he/she help you score an A?

Good tuition agencies require that their tutors have at least 2 years of tutoring experience before including their details into the tuition agency database. This is to ensure that the tutor has the requisite commitment to being a good tutor, as well as the relevant experience and track record of improving their students’ grades, and are not experimenting with your child’s academic future.

Be wary of tuition agencies that promise to show you profiles “immediately”. If a tuition agency has a large pool of eligible and qualified tutors to reach out to for your assignment, it takes time for good tuition teachers to respond. Agencies that get back to you “immediately” with tutor profiles are either not thorough, or worse, have only a very small tutor database. Good home tutors might not respond immediately when they receive tuition assignment messages – because they are very likely to be busy teaching during that time and are not desperately and idly sitting around hoping for messages to arrive. Tuition teachers typically apply for assignments between 4 to 18 hours after they have received the assignment message. If a tutor waits too long, it might indicate that the tutor is not keen to take on more assignments at that hourly rate, or worse, has time management/punctuality issues. A good timeframe for a dependable tuition agency to get back to you with profiles of responsible tuition teachers should be 1 to 2 working days after you have given them the description of what you are expecting of your tutor. 

Trustworthy tuition agencies hire university graduates as their tuition coordinators because graduated coordinators can properly understand the academic and learning needs of tuition students. There is no difference in the hourly rate that you pay to your home tutor, so you might as well get the best value for money and professional service when you are looking for a good home tuition agency.

Tuition coordinators who are university graduates will be able to ask the assignment applicants the right questions in order to assess if he or she is truly able to teach according to your requirements – even if the tutor claims to have 8 to 10 years of tuition experience. Because at least 70% of each age cohort has at least a Bachelor’s degree, it will be easy to find tuition agencies that hire only university graduates as their tuition coordinators.  How would you know if the coordinator is likely to have at least a Bachelor’s? His or her English grammar and vocabulary, when you call or Whatsapp the agency.

Look at the tuition agency’s Facebook posts. The passion that the tuition coordinators and management have for the MOE subjects clearly shows if the agency is really qualified to help you find suitable tutors. If the tuition agency cannot be bothered to post the latest content and interesting developments that engage their discerning tutors, parents and students, would this tutor agency genuinely have enough outstanding tuition teachers? 

The way that the tuition agency prepares the tutor profiles indicates the quality of the tutor. Parents tell us that “testimonials” that are featured on websites of some tuition agencies are dodgy – who knows if these are real or made-up, even when there are “screenshots of comments by parents/students”? When you read the tutor profiles that tuition agencies send to you, the tuition teachers who are truly successful would be able to clearly elaborate on their teaching achievements, the schools and university that they and their students attended, and MOST importantly, the type of grade improvements they helped their students achieve. If a tutor does not describe all this important information well, then their teaching method might be blunt, cold, and might not tailor the teaching suit your learning style. And this tutor probably has limited abilities to help your grades improve.

give your HISTORY grades a makeover

you are scoring low c's or high b's, and want a strong a

You will lose valuable marks when you simply just memorize formulas and content, but do not REALLY know when and how to use or apply them.

Carelessness and nervousness also cause students to lose marks.

Some tuition teachers are lazy, and they would take up the entire 1.5 or 2 hours with their students by making them practice on workbooks again and again.

Or worse still, they make you memorize “model” answers in the hope of being able to “guess” or “predict” the topics and questions that will be tested.

These methods are dangerous. 

Imagine how terrified you will feel when you find that most of the actual questions in your school or national exam are not the ones that your tutor and you “spotted”.

If you do not know why and what are the exact mistakes that you are making, you are training yourself to keep repeating the bad habits of using the wrong content and answering methods.

When you start to get used to these very unacceptable routines, you will have more difficulty in nurturing your capacity to logically and calmly analyze what the exam question wants you to do.

Any effective tuition teacher who had himself/herself scored an A for that subject (and who has extensive tutoring experience) would know that the current MOE syllabus arranges all the topics within the curriculum in an integrated way, to test the student’s ability to apply the fundamental and advanced knowledge that was learnt.

Professional and experienced tuition teachers from Learn Fast will help you connect the concepts across topics, which is a very important skill that you absolutely need to have, in order to get your A.

hire a winner

It is very easy for parents to find tuition teachers who are university graduates or undergraduates – because there are already so many of them now, in Singapore.

Every year, there are over 40,000 Singaporean students (Year 1 to Year 4, Master’s, PhD etc) studying at the NUS campus alone.

At least 40% of each cohort of people born in the same year are accepted into the government-funded universities (NUS, NTU, SMU, SUSS, SIT and SUTD).

Another 20% to 30% of this same cohort would have graduated from university-level programmes offered by private institutions, after they completed their polytechnic or junior college studies.

This means that 70% of every cohort of people born in a certain year would have at least a Bachelor’s degree.

Over 96% of tutors who apply to join the Learn Fast team have at least a Bachelor’s – or are about to achieve one – from the top local universities or the best universities globally (Oxford, Cambridge, Ivy League).

Our agency selects only experienced undergraduate or graduated tutors who are patient, committed, and who are professional tuition teachers. 

Most of all, they MUST have a proven track record of delivering improvements of 10 to 30 marks for their recent students, before we include them in our database and tutoring team.

This way, our clients know that they are hiring winners who can quickly help their children’s grades improve dramatically within 1 to 2 semesters.

The latest Moe syllabus does not reward STUDENTS WHO BLINDLY MEMORIZE

You can score much higher marks once you can successfully answer exam questions that require you to analyze and connect concepts across 2 or more topics.

A textbook is only as good as the teacher who uses it.

The textbook is designed as the main source of information.

However, we all know that national exams often ask questions that are not found in the textbook.

Students from average mainstream schools wrongly assume that learning is simply just a collection of basic facts and figures. And that their textbook has all the answers to all the questions that appear in exams.

Weaker students tend to see learning as an accumulation of “correct answers”. They would therefore think that plainly memorizing these “correct answers” will help them to pass or achieve a B3.

It is very risky for you to look at crucial content from only one perspective, or to focus purely on the content that is recommended in the textbook.

Students in the good schools never rely on only one source of information because they know that the exam questions expect them to be able to connect SEVERAL related or seemingly-unrelated concepts in order to arrive at the acceptable answer for challenging and tricky exam questions. 

The main reason for scoring low grades IS: "I can't understand the content"

Different students have different starting points.

Something that may be easy for one student (or one of your children) may not be so easy for someone else.

Everyone learns differently, whether it be faster or slower than normal. Some of us learn better by writing, reading or discussing. 

Catch up now, before you continue lagging behind even further, during the remainder of the academic year.

Right now is the perfect time for you to close up your learning gaps in that difficult chapter.

If these gaps aren’t addressed before the next chapter starts,
these learning gaps will only WIDEN, and you will find it much harder to catch up to your peers. Your grades will suffer, and you will hate that subject. While your classmates are able to go on to score an A.

Studying is easier when you are taught proven methods to learn what is difficult to you.

Learn Fast has the expertise to help you to do very well. 

We will teach you how to focus on processes and techniques that produce higher marks, instead of requiring you to memorize and write useless notes and answers.

Our exceptional tuition teachers will show you the quickest and most efficient way to understand complicated content, so that you can swiftly achieve subject mastery in History.

Achieve a breakthrough in the subject you are now dreading

Our tutors are approachable and friendly

All because we are expert tuition teachers, it does not mean that our lessons have to be boring.

Many students start lessons with our tuition teachers feeling afraid of the subject, because they are discouraged by their previous experience and feel too overwhelmed (or embarrassed) to approach the subject positively.

Home tutors that are skillful in listening and observing often pick up on what isn’t being said – such as any underlying anxieties that a student may have. 

Indeed, if an educator can truly understand a student, he or she can then target the root causes of the student’s low marks. This  will open the door for the student to readily receive and learn the content that is being taught.

An effective tutor needs to be adaptable. This is because students often have different moods (enthusiastic, desperate, reluctant, friendly) during each of the tuition sessions. The tuition teacher has to adapt the teaching strategy to handle each of these moods, in order to be productive.

If you were to imagine the perfect teacher that you want to be teaching you that difficult content or subject, you’re going to want someone who is very engaging in front of the student.

Our tuition teachers know that it is so important to be observant, patient, flexible, empathetic and to always have a positive attitude.

Singapore's Most trusted tuition agency

  • 37,000 qualified and experienced tuition teachers
  • Over 35% of our tutors have PhD’s, Master’s, or are NIE-trained current/ex-MOE teachers
  • 85% of our tutors are graduates or undergraduates from Singapore’s best publicly-funded universities (NUS, NTU, SMU, SUTD, SUSS and SIT)
  • Over 96% of tutors who apply to join the Learn Fast team have at least a Bachelor’s – or are about to achieve one – from the top local universities or the best universities globally (Oxford, Cambridge, Ivy League)
  • All of our tutors scored A’s in the subjects that they are teaching
  • Our tutors have between 2 to over 30 years of home tuition experience
  • All of the tutors whose profiles we show you have strong proven records of helping their students’ grades improve
  • Non-performing tutors are not included in our database

Mr KM has 13 years of History tuition experience. He was a contract teacher at MOE schools for 5 years and is also a private tutor. Mr KM has a Bachelor’s in History from NUS. His private tuition students attended Damai Secondary School, Maris Stella High School, St. Anthony’s Canossian Secondary School, Tampines Meridian Junior College, Victoria Junior College, and Temasek Junior College.

Mr RS has 7 years of History tuition experience. He has a Bachelor’s from NUS, majoring in History. His private tuition students attended Anderson Secondary School, Christ Church Secondary School, Methodist Girls’ School (Secondary), Nanyang Junior College, Yishun Innova Junior College, and Raffles Institution.

Ms GT has 11 years of History tuition experience. She is NIE-trained and has a Master’s in History (Empires, Colonies and Imperialism) from NUS. Ms GT taught at MOE schools for 9 years and is a private tutor. Her home tuition students attended Canberra Secondary School, CHIJ St Joseph’s Convent, Crescent Girls’ School, Hwa Chong Institution, Eunoia Junior College, and Victoria Junior College.

Ms SHR has 5 years of History tuition experience. She has a PhD in History from Harvard University, and a Bachelor’s in History from NUS (First Class Honours). Her private tuition students attended Catholic High School, St. Patrick’s School, CHIJ St Nicholas Girls’ School, Anglo-Chinese Junior College, Eunoia Junior College, and National Junior College.

Mr CFJ has 10 years of History tuition experience. He has a Bachelor’s from NTU, majoring in History (First Class Honours). Mr CFJ taught at a leading group of tuition centres and is currently writing their O Level and A Level History in-house curriculum for them. Mr CFJ’s private tuition students attended St. Margaret’s Secondary School, Singapore Chinese Girls’ School, Hwa Chong Institution (Integrated Programme), National Junior College, Catholic Junior College, and St. Andrew’s Junior College.

Ms AC has 7 years of History tuition experience. She has a Master’s in History from NUS, and a Bachelor’s in Political Science from NUS (2nd Upper Class Honours). Her private tuition students attended Cedar Girls’ Secondary School Integrated Programme, Methodist Girls’ School (Secondary) IB programme, Presbyterian High School, Anglo-Chinese Junior College, St Andrew’s Junior College, and Temasek Junior College. 

Learn Fast

Mr NKR has 6 years of History tuition experience. He has a Bachelor’s in History from NTU (Honours) and was an MOE contract teacher for 1 year. Mr NKR’s private tuition students attended Boon Lay Secondary School, Maris Stella High School, Northbrooks Secondary School, Jurong Pioneer Junior College, Eunoia Junior College, and St. Andrew’s Junior College.

Mr WJS has 11 years of History tuition experience. He has a Master’s in History from Cornell University, and a Bachelor’s in History from NTU (2nd Upper Class Honours). Mr WJS’s private tuition students attended St. Joseph’s Institution, Tanjong Katong Girls’ School, Victoria School (Integrated Programme), Nanyang Junior College, Catholic Junior College, and Dunman High School.

Ms TM has 8 years of History tuition experience. She has a Bachelor’s in History from NUS, and had taught at a tuition centre for 2 years. Ms TM’s private tuition students attended Greenridge Secondary School, Marsiling Secondary School, Queensway Secondary School, Nanyang Junior College, Jurong Pioneer Junior College, and Anderson Serangoon Junior College.

Ms SJR has 6 years of History tuition experience. She is NIE-trained, and taught at a junior college for 5 years. Ms SJR has a Master’s in History from the University of Pennsylvania and a Bachelor’s in History from NTU (First Class Honours). Ms SJR’s private tuition students attended Catholic High School, Anglo-Chinese School (Independent), Nan Hua High School, Catholic Junior College, St. Andrew’s Junior College, and Eunoia Junior College.

Ms HT has 4 years of History tuition experience. She has a Master’s in History from the University of London, and a Bachelor’s in History from NTU (Honours). Ms HT was a contract teacher at an MOE school for 1 year. Her private tuition students attended Kuo Chuan Presbyterian Secondary School, Nanyang Girls’ High School, St. Andrew’s Secondary School, Anderson Serangoon Junior College, Jurong Pioneer Junior College, and Raffles Institution.

Ms AG has 9 years of History tuition experience. She has a Bachelor’s in History from NUS, and taught at tuition centres for 5 years. Ms AG’s private tuition students attended Springfield Secondary School, Geylang Methodist School (Secondary), CHIJ St Joseph’s Convent, Jurong Pioneer Junior College, Anderson Serangoon Junior College, and Nanyang Junior College.

Ms SKE has 10 years of History tuition experience. She has a Master’s in History from the University of Paris-Sorbonne, and a Bachelor’s in History from NUS (First Class Honours). Ms SKE wrote the O Level and A Level teaching curriculum for a leading group of tuition centres, and she taught at those centres for 4 years. Ms SKE’s private tuition students attended Presbyterian High School, Cedar Girls’ Secondary School, Geylang Methodist School (Secondary), Victoria Junior College, National Junior College, and Anglo-Chinese Junior College.

Mr WME has 13 years of History tuition experience. He has a Bachelor’s in History from NTU, and had taught at a tuition centre for 5 years. Mr WME’s private tuition students attended Hai Sing Catholic School, Ang Mo Kio Secondary School, Ahmad Ibrahim Secondary School, Nanyang Junior College, Jurong Pioneer Junior College, and Catholic Junior College.

Ms PNY has 17 years of History tuition experience. She is NIE-trained and taught at MOE schools for 7 years. Ms PNY has a Bachelor’s in History from NTU. Her private tuition students attended Teck Whye Secondary School, Temasek Junior College (Integrated Programme), St. Hilda’s Secondary School, Anderson Serangoon Junior College, Dunman High School, and National Junior College.

Mr HJ has 6 years of History tuition experience. He has a Bachelor’s in History from NUS, and taught at tuition centres for 5 years. Mr HJ’s private tuition students attended Hillgrove Secondary School, Maris Stella High School, Fairfield Methodist School (Secondary), Anderson Serangoon Junior College, Yishun Innova Junior College, and National Junior College.

Mr LKW has 9 years of History tuition experience. He is a post-Doctoral Fellow at NUS. His PhD in History was from Princeton University, and his Bachelor’s in History was from NTU (First Class Honours). Mr LKW’s private tuition students attended St. Margaret’s Secondary School, Singapore Chinese Girls’ School, Nanyang Girls’ High School, Eunoia Junior College, Dunman High School, and Raffles Institution.

Ms KYL has 9 years of History tuition experience. She is NIE-trained, and taught at a junior college for 5 years. Ms KYL has a Master’s in History from the University of Pennsylvania and a Bachelor’s in History from NTU (First Class Honours). Ms KYL’s private tuition students attended Catholic High School, Anglo-Chinese School (Independent), Nan Hua High School, Catholic Junior College, St. Andrew’s Junior College, and Eunoia Junior College.

Ms OHF has 9 years of History tuition experience. She is NIE-trained, and taught at an MOE school for 5 years. Ms OHF’s Bachelor’s is from NUS (2nd Upper Class Honours). Her private tuition students attended Methodist Girls’ School (Secondary), Hougang Secondary School, East View Secondary School, Eunoia Junior College, Victoria Junior College, and Catholic Junior College.

Ms WBJ has 11 years of History tuition experience. She has a Bachelor’s in History from NUS (2nd Upper Class Honours), and was a contract teacher at MOE schools for 3 years. Ms WBJ’s private tuition students attended Jurong West Secondary School, Maris Stella High School, National Junior College (Integrated Programme), Catholic Junior College, River Valley High School, and Tampines Meridian Junior College.

Mr TH has 7 years of History tuition experience. He has a Bachelor’s from NUS (2nd Upper Class Honours). Mr TH taught at a tuition centre for 4 years and is also a private tutor. His home tuition students attended Si Ling Secondary School, Regent Secondary School, North Vista Secondary School, Hwa Chong Institution, Raffles Institution, and St. Andrew’s Junior College.

Ms AW has 11 years of History tuition experience. She has a Master’s and Bachelor’s in History from NTU and was a contract teacher at MOE schools for 6 years. Ms AW’s private tuition students attended Queenstown Secondary School, Pei Hwa Secondary School, Henderson Secondary School, Anglo-Chinese Junior College, National Junior College, and Jurong Pioneer Junior College.

Ms LJN has 5 years of History tuition experience. She has a Master’s in History from Dartmouth College and a Bachelor’s in History from NUS (First Class Honours). Ms LJN’s private tuition students attended Nanyang Girls’ High School, Methodist Girls’ School (Secondary), Singapore Chinese Girls’ School, Eunoia Junior College, Hwa Chong Institution, and Anglo-Chinese Junior College.

Mr WBF has 7 years of History tuition experience. He has a Master’s and Bachelor’s (Honours) in History from NTU. Mr WBF’s private tuition students attended Punggol Secondary School, Woodlands Ring Secondary School, Yuan Ching Secondary School, Jurong Pioneer Junior College, Hwa Chong Institution, and Anderson Serangoon Junior College.

The MOE states that students should demonstrate their knowledge and understanding by employing the following skills:

  • Asking significant questions about the events, issues, forces or developments
  • Comparing different aspects of the periods, events and issues studied to establish change and continuity
  • Analysing and evaluating the causes and consequences of historical events and situations whilst avoiding excessively abstract generalisations
  • Assessing and establishing the significance of individuals, ideas, events, forces and developments on societies
  • Interpreting and acquiring information derived from various sources of information and evidence from a variety of media to support an enquiry
  • Identifying points of view in History through distinguishing bias, fact and opinion in history writing
  • Analysing, evaluating and synthesising historical data to make informed decisions / conclusions on the often tentative nature of judgements about the past”

How to study history, using the latest Singapore MOE syllabus:

  • European Dominance and Expansion in the late 19th century
  • The World in Crisis
  • Source-Based Case Study
  • Structured-Essay Questions
  • Explain events and/or issues
  • Evaluate and make judgement on events and/or issues
  • Bi-Polarity and the Cold War
  • Decolonisation and Emergence of Nation-States
  • European Dominance and Expansion in the late 19th century
  • How were systems and societies transformed by colonialism?
  • The compulsory case study of Malaya and either the case study of Vietnam or Indonesia will be studied in the context of European dominance and expansion in the late 19th century
  • Reasons for European interest and expansion in Southeast Asia
  • Responses of Southeast Asian states to European expansion
  • Impact of colonial rule on Southeast Asia
  • Reasons for outbreak of WWII in Europe
  • Reasons for outbreak of WWII in the Asia–Pacific
  • Reasons for the defeat of Germany
  • Reasons for the defeat of Japan
  • Decolonisation and Emergence of Nation-States
  • Was the attainment of independence in colonies shaped by the decline of Europe and Cold War politics?
  • The compulsory case study of Malaya
  • Case study of Vietnam
  • Case study of Indonesia
  • Decolonisation and emergence of nation-states in Southeast Asia in the post-war years
  • Struggles for independence in Southeast Asian states in the post-WWII period
  • Establishment of newly independent states in Southeast Asia
  • How European powers established themselves in Southeast Asia
  • Investigate the tensions and issues brought about by the interaction between these western colonial powers and the Southeast Asian states
  • Establishment of British control over Malaya (British Residential
  • System, Federated Malay States) and its impact on local rulers
  • Political: Establishment of French control over Vietnam and its impact on local rulers
  • Economic: Development of cash crops and mineral industries (rice, coal),
  • development of infrastructure, introduction of private property, growth of
  • landless peasants
  • Social: local responses to French colonial rule, changes in class structure,
  • migration within Indochina, creation of Western-educated elites, worsening of living standards of the locals
  • The impact of the large scale conflicts and the rise of new regimes
  • The key forces and developments that challenged Europe’s
  • dominance in world affairs
  • The devastating effects of the two World Wars
  • Attempts at world peace are often challenged by the interests and
  • ambitions of individuals and nations
  • The study of Communist Russia, Nazi Germany and Japan
  • How totalitarian regimes can bring about both benefits and great costs
  • Impact of World War I
  • Peace Settlement – Aims and the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and its
  • immediate impact on Germany
  • Attempts at collective security by the League of Nations – Successes and failures of the League of Nations in the 1920s and 1930s
  • Rise of authoritarian regimes and their impact in the interwar years (up to 1939)
  • Case study of Communist Russia
  • Case study of Nazi Germany
  • Reasons for the rise of Hitler in Germany
  • Weaknesses of the Weimar government and Hitler’s leadership
  • Impact of Hitler’s rule on Germany
  • Political: consolidation of power, one-party rule
  • Economic: Recovery and Nazi control of the economy, and militarisation
  • Social: controlled society, culture of fear, persecution of Jewish people and
  • other minority groups
  • Appeasement
  • Balance of power
  • Collective security
  • Communism
  • Fascism
  • League of Nations
  • Nazism
  • Militarism
  • Authoritarianism
  • Weaknesses of League of Nations
  • Japan’s worsening relations with the USA
  • Reasons for the defeat of Germany
  • USA’s entry into World War II
  • Over-extension of Hitler’s army on many fronts
  • Reasons for the defeat of Japan
  • Allied victory in Europe
  • Economic and military might of USA
  • The two superpowers have shaped relations within and outside of Europe since 1945
  • The reasons for the sudden end of the Cold War in 1991
  • Making Connections – how superpower rivalry has shaped international relations
  • Differences in ideas shape the interaction between powers and their relationship with the rest of the world
  • The reasons for the end of the Cold War
  • Case study of Korean War, 1950–53
  • Partition of Korea after World War II
  • Emergence of communist China
  • Role of external powers in the conflict: USA, USSR and China
  • Case study of Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962
  • Cuba’s strategic importance to USA
  • Tensions between USA and Cuba: Castro’s policies and American responses
  • The immediate impact of World War II on Europe
  • The impact of the rivalry of the USA and USSR in the aftermath of World War II on the world order
  • Cold War tensions that were manifested in and outside of Europe
  • The reasons for the outbreak of the Korean War and the Cuban Missile Crisis
  • The role of superpowers and regional powers in localised conflicts, with special reference to the Korean War and Cuban Missile Crisis
  • Re-establishment of British rule in Malaya and local responses
  • Malayan Union, 1946
  • Federation of Malaya Agreement, 1948
  • Communist movement in Malaya – Establishment of independent Malaya, 1957
  • Merdeka Talks, 1956
  • The policies taken by the British and either the French or the Dutch in responding to local struggles for independence
  • Attempts by French to re-establish French rule in Vietnam and local responses
  • August Revolution, 1945
  • 1946 Agreement
  • Battle of Dien Bien Phu, 1954
  • Reunification and establishment of independent Communist Vietnam, 1975
  • Intervention of USA, Soviet Union and China
  • Fall of Saigon, 1975
  • Growth and Problems in the Global Economy
  • Reasons for growth of the global economy
  • Post-war economic reconstruction
  • Post-war economic liberalisation: economic miracle in Western Europe and
  • Japan, rise of Multinational Corporations
  • Problems of economic liberalisation
  • 1973 and 1979 oil crises
  • Rise of protectionism
  • Formation of the United Nations
  • Origins of the UN: reasons for the founding of the UN, its aims and principles
  • Political effectiveness of the UN in maintaining international peace and
  • security
  • Security Council, General Assembly, Secretary-General
  • Peacekeeping, peace enforcement, peacemaking, peacebuilding
  • Efforts to stay relevant and effective despite Cold War bipolarity
  • The Making of the Contemporary World Order (1870s–1991)
  • What were the major forces and developments during this period?
  • What caused these major forces and developments?
  • How did the developments influence people’s decisions and actions and vice-versa?
  • How did people’s views and perspectives shape their interpretation of these developments?
  • How did these developments impact societies?
  • What forces and developments changed Europe and the Asia-Pacific in the first half of the 20th century?
  • Impact of World War I
  • Rise of authoritarian regimes and its impact in the interwar years
  • Case study of Communist Russia
  • Case study of Nazi Germany
  • World War II in Europe and the Asia–Pacific
  • Bi-Polarity and the Cold War
  • How did the Cold War impact the world order in the post-1945 years?
  • Cold War and the bi-polar world order
  • Reasons for the Cold War in Europe
  • Manifestation of the Cold War outside Europe
  • Case study of Korean War, 1950–53
  • Case study of Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962
  • Reasons for the end of the Cold War
  • Struggles for independence in Southeast Asian states in the post-WWII period
  • Establishment of newly independent states in Southeast Asia
  • How European powers established themselves in Southeast Asia
  • Investigate the tensions and issues brought about by the interaction between these western colonial powers and the Southeast Asian states
  • Establishment of British control over Malaya (British Residential
  • System, Federated Malay States) and its impact on local rulers
  • Political: Establishment of Dutch control over Indonesia (Regency System) and its impact on local rulers
  • Economic: Development of cash crops and mineral industries (sugar and
  • tobacco, oil exploration), changes in livelihoods of the locals, creation of a dual economy, development of infrastructure
  • Social: Local responses to Dutch colonial rule, creation of Western-educated elites, urbanisation and migration, worsening of living standards for the locals
  • Intra-European rivalry on the European continent that gave rise to large scale conflicts as well the rise of new regimes
  • In the Asia–Pacific, Japan was challenging European dominance and looking to increase its own power through colonial expansion in Asia
  • World War I and II and the rise of Communist Russia, Nazi Germany and expansionist Japan – that threatened European dominance in the world
  • European dominance in world affairs and brought about a shift in the balance of power
  • Reasons for the rise of Stalin in Russia
  • Circumstances after Lenin’s death
  • Stalin’s manipulations
  • Impact of Stalin’s rule on Russia
  • Political: Stalin’s dictatorship – culture of fear, persecution and personality cult
  • Economic: modernisation of Soviet industry and agriculture
  • Social: controlled society, culture of fear, policies on minorities
  • Assess the impact of World War I on Europe
  • Evaluate the rise of authoritarian regimes and their impact on the political, social and economic context of countries and the world order
  • Examine the reasons for the outbreak of World War II in Europe and the Asia–Pacific
  • Examine the reasons for the defeat of Germany and Japan in World War II
  • Analyse the roles of key players in shaping particular forces and developments during this period
  • World War II in Europe and the Asia – Pacific
  • Reasons for the outbreak of World War II in Europe
  • Weaknesses of the League of Nations
  • Hitler’s aggressive foreign policy
  • Policy of appeasement
  • Reasons for the outbreak of World War II in the Asia–Pacific
  • Economic crisis in Japan
  • Japan’s expansionist foreign policy
  • Over-extension of Japanese empire
  • At the end of World War II, a war-torn and weakened Europe created a power vacuum that gave rise to a world order that was characterised by the emergence of two superpowers, the US and the Soviet Union
  • The military, economic and political confrontation between the US and the Soviet Union
  • The causes and consequences of this rivalry that resulted in the Cold
  • War and the creation of a bi-polar world
  • Cold War and the Bi-polar World Order
  • Reasons for the Cold War in Europe
  • Post-World War II rise of USA and USSR as superpowers: collapse and
  • decline of old European powers
  • US-Soviet mistrust and rivalry: breakdown of wartime alliances, division of
  • Europe after World War II, differences in ideology, American containment
  • policy and Soviet responses, military alliances
  • Manifestation of the Cold War Outside Europe
  • Bi-Polarity
  • Communism
  • Containment
  • Democracy
  • Ideology
  • Proxy war
  • Glasnost
  • Perestroika
  • The rise of newly independent states in former European colonies all over the world – Africa and Southeast Asia
  • How the various colonial powers responded to the demand for independence from their colonies and how external developments like Cold War politics intervened and shaped the struggle for independence
  • The unique circumstances and the key developments in the world that influence the struggles for independence
  • Decolonisation and emergence of nation-states in Southeast Asia
  • Anti-colonial struggle
  • Decolonisation
  • Nationalism
  • Nation-states
  • Resistance and collaboration
  • Sovereignty
  • Independence
  • Attempts by Dutch to re-establish Dutch rule in Indonesia
  • Declaration of Independence, 1945
  • Indonesian revolution, 1945–49
  • Linggadjati Agreement, 1946
  • The Madiun Affair, 1948
  • Renville Agreement, 1948
  • Establishment of Independent Indonesia, 1949
  • Round Table Conference, Dec 1949
  • Debt crises of the 1980s and their impact on developing countries
  • Rise of Asian Tiger economies (South Korea and Taiwan) from 1970s to 1990
  • The growth of the global economy, and the challenges that affected it
  • The role of the USA, Europe and Japan in the growth of the global economy and evaluate the effects of their decisions and actions
  • The causal relationships that underpinned the economic transformation in South Korea and Taiwan
  • International Court of Justice: ensuring adherence to international law;
  • arbitration and advisory opinion
  • UN Reforms
  • Sovereignty of nation-states
  • Great Power politics
  • Rise of regionalism and regional organisations
  • Collective security
  • International law
  • Causes of inter-state tensions: historical animosities, racial and religious
  • divisions, ideological differences, territorial disputes, transboundary challenges
  • Consequences of inter-state tensions: effects on regional cooperation and
  • security
  • Reasons for the formation of ASEAN
  • Growth and development of ASEAN: building regional peace and security,
  • promoting regional economic cooperation

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